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引用本文:任传堂,韦素琼,游小珺.价值链视角下福建省渔业经济效率与影响因素对比[J].中国农业资源与区划,2022,43(7):252~261
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价值链视角下福建省渔业经济效率与影响因素对比
任传堂1,韦素琼1,2,游小珺1
1.福建师范大学地理研究所,福州 350007;2.福建省亚热带资源与环境重点实验室,福州 350007
摘要:
目的 文章以福建省为研究区域,选取渔业价值链中最具代表性的“生产—加工”两阶段,对比分析经济效率及影响因素。方法 从价值链视角构建渔业“生产—加工”两阶段投入产出系统,讨论选定指标,基于SBM-Tobit模型测度效率和影响因素。结果 (1)福建省渔业“生产—加工”两阶段效率均较低,生产阶段效率远高于加工阶段效率。(2)福建省渔业生产阶段效率呈现“大分散、小集聚”的分布特征,沿海和西北地区较高,闽西南地区较低;加工业主要分布在沿海地区,效率普遍较低。(3)工业化和城镇化对渔业生产阶段效率主要起负作用,消费水平、渔业经济规模、集约化和捕捞强度对生产和加工阶段效率均起正作用,沿海和内陆地区的影响机理存在一定差异。结论 福建省渔业“生产—加工”两阶段效率均具有较大的提升空间,需重点提升加工阶段效率,以拉动渔业价值链整体效率提升。
关键词:  渔业  经济效率  价值链  SBM-Tobit模型  福建省
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20220725
分类号:F326.4
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“多维视角下台商对大陆农业投资的技术扩散研究”(41771136);福建省公益类优先领域重点项目“大陆‘一带一路战略’对台湾‘新南向政策’在东南亚地区发展的影响研究”(2018R1101006-2)
COMPARISON OF FISHERY ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY AND INFLUENCING FACTORS IN FUJIAN PROVINCE FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF VALUE CHAIN
Ren Chuantang1, Wei Suqiong1,2, You Xiaojun1
1.Institute of Geographical Research, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, Fujian, China;2.Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Subtropical Resources and Environment, Fuzhou 350007, Fujian, China
Abstract:
Taking Fujian province as the research area, this paper analyzed efficiency of fishery "production-processing" and its influencing factors. From the perspective of value chain, a two-stage input-output system of "production-processing" in fishery was constructed, and its measurement indexes were discussed, then SBM-Tobit model was used to measure efficiency and analyze influencing factors. The results showed that: (1) The efficiency of two stages were low and the efficiency of the production stage was much higher than that of the processing stage. (2) The efficiency of fishery production stage in Fujian province showed the distribution characteristics of "large dispersion and small agglomeration", which was higher in coastal and northwest areas and lower in southwest regions. Processing industry was mainly distributed in coastal areas, and the efficiency of processing stage was generally low. (3) Industrialization and urbanization had a negative effect on efficiency of fishery production stage. Consumption level, fishery economic scale, intensification and fishing intensity had positive effects on efficiency of both the production and processing stages, and there were some differences in the influencing mechanism between coastal area and inland area. Finally, the results show that there is a large space for improvement of fishery production-processing efficiency in Fujian province. In order to promote the overall efficiency of the fishery value chain, it is necessary to focus on improving the efficiency of the processing stage.
Key words:  fishery  economic efficiency  value chain  SBM-Tobit model  Fujian province
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