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引用本文:杨紫洪,张洋,龙昭宇,尹昌斌,张艳清,孟追.村规民约对村民生活垃圾治理出资意愿的影响及其机制分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2022,43(7):154~163
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村规民约对村民生活垃圾治理出资意愿的影响及其机制分析
杨紫洪1,张洋1,龙昭宇1,尹昌斌1,2,张艳清3,孟追3
1.中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京 100081;2.中国农业绿色发展研究中心,北京 100081;3.吉林省梅河口市农业农村局,梅河口 135000
摘要:
目的 农村生活垃圾治理是农村人居环境整治的重要组成部分,激励村民参与生活垃圾处置对于建立生活垃圾治理长效运行机制具有重要意义。村规民约是当前基层治理的重要手段,探讨村规民约对村民参与生活垃圾处置的作用路径和作用机理,为建立激励村民参与的自治机制提供借鉴。方法 文章基于2020年9—11月对吉林、山东、甘肃756户村民调研数据,利用Logit回归模型,结合中介效应与调节效应的检验方法,分析不同类型村规民约对村民生活垃圾处置出资意愿的作用机制。结果 (1)“规范式”村规民约对村民的出资意愿有显著促进作用;(2)在“规范式”村规民约影响村民出资意愿的过程中,村民的生活垃圾处置必要性认知起中介作用,其间接影响占比为5.63%;(3)村民的环境满意度正向调节村规民约影响村民出资意愿的作用路径,即村民环境满意度越高,“规范式”村规民约对村民出资意愿的作用力更强。结论 在农村人居环境整治过程中,应当充分发挥农村地区非正式制度环境优势,通过完善村规民约、提升村民环境满意度、强化村规民约执行力度,推动村民积极参与农村生活垃圾处置。
关键词:  农村生活垃圾治理  村规民约  出资意愿  村民认知  环境满意度
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20220716
分类号:F323.22
基金项目:世界银行贷款“中国经济改革促进与能力加强项目”(TCC6):农村人居环境整治模式与政策体系研究;国家社会科学基金重大项目“生态补偿与乡村绿色发展协同推进体制机制与政策体系研究”(18ZDA048)
INFLUENCE OF VILLAGE REGULATION ON VILLAGER’S WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR DOMESTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT AND IT’S MECHANISM
Yang Zihong1, Zhang Yang1, Long Zhaoyu1, Yin Changbin1,2, Zhang Yanqing3, Meng Zhui3
1.Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2.China Agricultural Green Development Research Center, Beijing 100081, China;3.Meihekou Agricultural and Rural Bureau, Jilin Province, Meihekou 135000, Jilin, China
Abstract:
Rural domestic waste treatment is an important part of rural living environment improvement, and encouraging villagers to participate in domestic waste disposal is of great significance for establishing a long-term operation mechanism of garbage disposal. The main purpose of this paper is to research the path and mechanism of village regulations in encouraging villagers to participate in domestic waste disposal. Based on the survey data of 756 villagers in Jilin, Shandong and Gansu, this paper used the Logit regression model, mediating effect, and regulation effect test method to analyze the mechanism of different types of village regulations on villagers' willingness to pay for domestic waste disposal. The results showed that compared with the “guiding” village regulations, the “normative” village regulations had a significant promoting effect on villagers' willingness to pay. Villagers' cognition of the necessity of domestic waste disposal played an intermediary variable between the “normative” village regulations and villagers' willingness to pay for domestic waste disposal, and the indirect impact ratio was 5.63%. In addition, villagers' environmental satisfaction played a regulatory role in the process of village regulations affecting villagers ' willingness to pay, which meant the higher the degree of villager's satisfaction with the living environment, the stronger the positive impact of village regulations on the willingness to pay. Therefore, in the future process of rural living environment improvement, it is necessary to give full play to the advantages of informal institutional environment in rural areas. Through enrich the content of village regulations, enhance villagers' environmental satisfaction and strengthen the implementation of village regulations, the active participation of villagers in rural domestic waste disposal can be promoted.
Key words:  rural domestic waste treatment  village regulations  willingness to pay  villages' cognition  environment satisfaction
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