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引用本文:郑建明,罗时樟.多源流理论视角下长江禁捕政策议程分析与展望[J].中国农业资源与区划,2022,43(7):125~131
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多源流理论视角下长江禁捕政策议程分析与展望
郑建明,罗时樟
上海海洋大学海洋文化与法律学院,上海 201306
摘要:
目的 长江流域内水生生物资源骤减给长江生态环境带来了严重的负面影响,引起政府、社会和民众的高度关注,长江禁捕工作迫在眉睫,我国政府已经开始制定保护长江生态系统的政策。方法 多源流理论分析框架是剖析政策过程及其政策影响的重要工具,多源流理论能为我国长江大保护政策过程提供新的解释角度。文章以长江禁捕政策议程为载体,运用多源流理论框架中的问题源流、政策源流和政治源流分析了长江禁捕政策议程。结果 通过运用多源流理论提出对长江禁捕政策过程优化路径,在问题源流上对退捕渔民生存保障制度和长江资源利用方式进一步完善,在政策源流上提高政策储备,在政治源流方面加强国家法律法规的制定和执行,在首次开启政策之窗后的基础上继续积累、寻找和创造新的政策元素,以期推动政策之窗再次打开,促使长江禁捕工作有效的实施。结论 对长江禁捕一系列相关法规和政策进行梳理并提出要不断推动和创新长江禁捕政策,我国政府需要在合理的范畴内再次实现政策之窗的打开,形成新的长江大保护政策议程。
关键词:  多源流理论  长江生态环境危机  长江禁捕  政策议程  长江大保护
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20220713
分类号:D035
基金项目:上海市渔业经济研究会“休闲渔业产业融合发展模式和机制研究 ”(SHYJYJH-2021);上海市哲学社会科学规划项目“乡村振兴战略下生鲜农产品智慧零售商业模式研究”(2018BGL015)
ANALYSIS AND PROSPECT OF NO-CATCH POLICY AGENDA IN THE YANGTZE RIVER FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MULTI-SOURCE FLOW THEORY
Zheng Jianming, Luo Shizhang
College of Marine Culture and Law, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China
Abstract:
The sharp decline of aquatic biological resources in the Yangtze River basin has brought a serious negative impact on the ecological environment, resulting fishing ban is extremely urgent. It also causes the government, society and people's high attention and our government starts to formulate policies to protect the Yangtze River ecosystem. The analysis framework of Multi-source flow theory is an important tool to analyze the policy process and its influence. It can provide a new explanation for the policy process of Yangtze River protection in China. Taking the anti-arrest policy agenda as the carrier, this paper analyzed the process of Yangtze River anti-arrest policy by using the problem origin, policy origin and political origin in the framework of Multi-source flow theory. Then it put forward the path to optimize the policy process of the prohibition of fishing in the Yangtze River. In terms of the source of the problem, it was necessary to further improve the survival guarantee system for retired fishermen and the utilization mode of the resources of the Yangtze River, and in terms of political source, the policy reserve should be improved and the state should cultivate the legal system. In order to promote the policy window to open again and make the Yangtze River arrest ban work effective implementation, the government should continue to accumulate, find and create new policy elements on the basis of opening the policy window for the first time. In the last, the paper reviews a series of relevant laws, regulations and policies on the Yangtze River. It is proposed to continuously promote and innovate the Yangtze River arrest ban policy, and the government should reopen the policy window in a reasonable context to form a new policy agenda, so as to effectively implement China's Yangtze River protection policy,
Key words:  multi-source theory  Yangtze River eco-environmental crisis  Yangtze River fishing ban  policy agenda  Yangtze River Protection.
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