• 首页 | 主办单位 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 作者指南 | 刊物订阅 | 下载中心 | 联系我们 | English | 期刊界
引用本文:刘北桦,唐志强.传统农业生态思想对绿色发展的启示[J].中国农业资源与区划,2022,43(7):1~7
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 181次   下载 73 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
传统农业生态思想对绿色发展的启示
刘北桦,唐志强
中国农业博物馆,北京 100125
摘要:
目的 中国先民在生产实践中注重处理人与自然的关系并形成了“三才”“三宜”和相生相克思想、物质循环利用、资源的保护和适度利用等传统农业生态思想。现代农业如何继承传统农业的生态智慧,解决好在使用现代投入品时与自然和谐共生的问题,亟需进行深入研究。方法 文章从六个方面系统梳理了传统农业的历史经验和智慧,结合现代农业发展的实际,阐发传统农业生态思想对农业绿色发展的启示。结果 该文阐明六点启示:一是继承“三才”思想,树立农业生态系统与社会经济系统和谐发展的新理念;二是继承“三宜”思想,因时、因地、因物创造灵活多样的生态农业技术体系;三是继承精耕细作传统,建立高效、循环、平衡的现代农业生态系统;四是继承养地用地传统,农牧结合,废物利用,保障农田生态系统的永续利用;五是继承御欲节用传统,节制开发,合理利用,推动生态可持续发展;六是弘扬生态文化传统,建设产业兴旺、生态宜居的新农村。结论 该文提出了四点建议,即运用传统农业生态思想,加快研发农业绿色技术;传承系统观、整体观,健全农业绿色发展法律体系;深度挖掘传统农业生态思想价值,为农业绿色发展提供历史借鉴;保护农业文化遗产,留住农耕文化的载体,为绿色发展保留生态文化基因。
关键词:  传统农业  生态思想  绿色发展  启示建议
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20220701
分类号:F32
基金项目:农业农村部绿色发展研究项目“中国传统农业生态思想及其当代启示”
ENLIGHTENMENT OF TRADITIONAL AGRICULTURAL ECOLOGICAL THOUGHT TO GREEN DEVELOPMENT
Liu Beihua, Tang Zhiqiang
China Agricultural Museum, Beijing 100125, China
Abstract:
Chinese ancestors had paid attention to dealing with the relationship between man and nature in production practice, and had formed traditional agricultural ecological thoughts such as "Three Talents" " Three Appropriates", the idea of mutual growth and mutual restraint, material recycling, resource protection and moderate utilization, etc. How to inherit the ecological wisdom of traditional agriculture and solve the problem of harmonious coexistence with nature when using modern inputs has become the top priority of issues in modern agriculture. This research systematically sorted out the historical experience and wisdom of traditional agriculture from six aspects, combined with the reality of modern agricultural development, and expounded the enlightenment of traditional agricultural ecological thought to the green development of agriculture. It clarified some inspirations. Firstly, inheriting the "Three Talents" thought to establish a new concept of harmonious development between the agricultural ecosystem and the social and economic system; Secondly,inheriting the "Three Appropriates" thought to create a flexible and diverse ecological agricultural technology system according to the time, place and material; Thirdly,inheriting the tradition of intensive farming to establish a modern agricultural ecosystem with high efficiency, circulation and balance; Fourthly,inheriting the tradition of land use to combine farming and animal husbandry, and make the use of waste ensuring the sustainable utilization of farmland ecosystems; Fifthly, inheriting the tradition of restrained desire of luxury, abstinence exploiting, and rational utilization to achieve sustainable ecological development; Finally, carrying forward the tradition of ecological culture to build a prosperous and ecologically livable industry and new countryside. In summary, this paper puts forward policy suggestions, including speeding up the research and development of agricultural green technologies by using traditional agricultural ecological thinking; improving the legal system for agricultural green development though inheriting the systematic and holistic view; digging deep into the value of traditional agricultural ecological thinking to provide historical reference for agricultural green development; protecting agricultural cultural heritage, retaining the carrier of farming culture, and preserving ecological cultural genes for green development.
Key words:  traditional agriculture  ecological thought  green development  enlightenment and suggestions
版权所有:  您是本站第    位访问者
主管单位:中华人民共和国农业农村部 主办单位:中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 中国农业绿色发展研究会 地址:北京市海淀区中关村南大街12号
电话:010-82109647 82108697 电子邮件:quhuabjb@caas.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备11039015号