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引用本文:任玉霜,王禹杰.东部6省特色农业产业集聚度分析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2021,42(7):158~164
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东部6省特色农业产业集聚度分析
任玉霜,王禹杰
吉林建筑大学经济与管理学院,长春 130118
摘要:
目的 特色农业产业聚集度是用来衡量区域农业产业发展规模的一项指标。通过对东部6省特色农业产业集聚度进行研究,寻找特色农业产业发展的区位优势,并对特色农业产业转型升级提供理论指导。方法 文章以东部六省特色农业产业集聚度为研究对象,选取2010—2017年相关数据,通过空间基尼系数和区位熵值指数测算法,分别从聚集综合得分、农业产业规模、经济规模和基础设施层面对东部六省特色农业产业聚集度进行比较分析,寻找东部6省特色农业产业集聚差异所在。结果 (1)因各省拥有不同的区域特征、经济水平和农业资源导致东部6省的特色农业产业聚集度存在明显的区域差异,其中,山东省特色农业产业聚集水平最高,依次是浙江省、安徽省、江苏省、福建省、江西省。(2)东部6省的特色农业产业对各省贡献程度不同,对各自省份的经济增长、第一产业值的带动效应及经济结构的转型升级所起到的作用存在差异,而其共性特征便是东部6省的特色农业产业聚集度均随着各项措施的深入,不断朝向更高的聚集程度、更大的产业规模化前进。结论 东部6省的特色农业产业的发展尚存在区域性差异性,为实现其产业的集聚度提高和可持续高效发展,建议加强相关政策支持、资金投入以及技术指导的力度。
关键词:  东部6省  特色农业  产业集聚度  比较分析  农业产业
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20210718
分类号:F127
基金项目:吉林省社科基金“供给侧结构性改革下吉林省农业产业链升级的驱动力研究”(2018BS21);吉林省教育厅十三五规划“吉林省农业产业连升级的驱动力研究——基于供给侧改革的视角”(JJKH20190886SK)
RESEARCH OF THE AGGLOMERATION DEGREE OF CHARACTERISTIC AGRICULTUIAL INDUSTRY OF SIX PROVINCES IN EASTERN CHINA
Ren Yushuang, Wang Yujie
School of Economics and Management, Jilin JianZhu University, Changchun 130118, Jilin, China
Abstract:
The concentration of characteristic agricultural industry is an indicator used to measure the scale of regional agricultural industry development. Through the research on the concentration of characteristic agricultural industries of six provinces in eastern China, this paper aims to find the regional advantages of characteristic agricultural industry development, and provide theoretical guidance for the transformation and upgrading of characteristic agricultural industry.Based on the relevant data from 2010 to 2017, this paper compares and analyzes the agglomeration degree of characteristic agricultural industry of six eastern provinces from the aspects of comprehensive score, agricultural industry scale, economic scale and infrastructure by using spatial Gini coefficient and location entropy index, and find the differences of characteristic agricultural industrial agglomeration in the six eastern provinces.The results showed that: (1) Because of the different regional characteristics, economic levels and agricultural resources, there were obvious regional differences in the agglomeration degree of characteristic agricultural industries in the six eastern provinces. Among them, Shandong province had the highest agglomeration level of characteristic agricultural industries, followed by Zhejiang , Anhui, Jiangsu, Fujian and Jiangxi .(2) The contribution of characteristic agricultural industries of the six eastern provinces to each province was different, which had different effects on the economic growth, the driving effect of the primary industry value and the transformation and upgrading of the economic structure of each province. The common feature was that the agglomeration degree of characteristic agricultural industries of the six Eastern provinces was moving towards a higher degree of agglomeration with the deepening of various measures and a larger scale of industrial development.To summary, there are regional differences in the development of characteristic agricultural industry of the six eastern provinces. In order to improve the degree of industrial agglomeration and sustainable and efficient development, it is suggested to strengthen the relevant policy support, capital investment and technical guidance.
Key words:  six provinces in eastern China  characteristic agriculture  industrial agglomeration  comparative analysis  agricultural industry
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