引用本文:申潞玲,李晋陵,侯向娟,关春林.山西杂粮产业集群式发展的思考[J].农业科研经济管理,2022,(1):16-20
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山西杂粮产业集群式发展的思考
申潞玲1,李晋陵1,侯向娟1,关春林2
1.山西农业大学农业经济管理学院,太原 030000;2.山西农业大学组织人事部,太原 030000
摘要:
农业产业集群具有抱团发展的优势,推进山西杂粮产业集群式发展是促进贫困地区经济发展、农民依靠产业脱贫的有效途径。文章基于产业集群视角对振兴山西杂粮产业进行分析、总结,系统探讨山西杂粮产业集群式发展的现实意义、基础条件、发展机遇、存在的短板,最后提出推进山西杂粮产业集群式发展的战略路径。山西杂粮的优品质、多品种、多功能为山西构建杂粮产业集群提供了基础条件和未来发展方向,具有很好的政策机遇,但也存在有产品优势而无产业优势、机械化程度低、技术水平滞后和产品开发滞后等诸多问题。为推进山西农业高质量发展,做强地区特色优势产业,山西杂粮战略重点须转向杂粮主食厨房和保健功能产品研发,集政府、企业、社会的资金力量,构建山西杂粮产业集群,重点打造龙头企业,引领和带动山西杂粮产业的全面振兴。
关键词:  集群  价值链  产业振兴  杂粮战略
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20220104
分类号:
基金项目:山西省科技战略研究专项课题“科技支撑山西‘特’‘优’现代农业发展战略研究”(202104031402018);院农业科技创新研究课题“山西省食用菌产业发展研究”(YCX2018407);山西省科技厅软科学课题“山西省杂粮产业集群现状及发展策略研究”(2017041004-2)
THINKING ON THE CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT OF SHANXI COARSE GRAIN INDUSTRY
Shen Luling1, Li Jinling1, Hou Xiangjuan1, Guan Chunlin2
1.College of Management of Agricultural Economy, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030000, China;2.Organization Personnel Department, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taiyuan, Shanxi, 030000, China
Abstract:
Agricultural industry cluster has the advantage of development by clannishness. It is an effective way to promote the cluster development of coarse grain industry for enhancing the regional economic development and getting rid of poverty of poor farmers in poor areas. Based on the perspective of industrial cluster, this paper analyzed and summarized the revitalization of coarse grain industry in Shanxi, and systematically discussed the practical significance, basic conditions, developing opportunities and existing weaknesses of the cluster development of coarse grain industry in Shanxi. Finally, the strategic path to promote the cluster development of coarse grain industry in Shanxi was put forward. The characteristics such as excellent quality, multispiecies and multi-function of coarse grains provide basic conditions and future development direction for building the cluster of coarse grains industry in Shanxi, which had a very good policy opportunity. However at the same time, there were still many shortcomings in the cluster development of coarse grain industry in Shanxi, e.g. there was the advantage of products but no industrial advantage, and low mechanization degree, backward technology level and backward product development. In order to promote the high-quality development of Shanxi agriculture and strengthen the regional characteristic and advantageous industries, the priority of Shanxi's coarse grain strategy must be shifted to the R&D of coarse grain staple food kitchen and health care functional products, and it is very important to gather the capital power of the government, enterprises and the society to build Shanxi's coarse grain industry cluster and focus on building leading enterprises, so as to lead and drive the comprehensive revitalization of Shanxi's coarse grain industry more quickly.
Key words:  industrial cluster  value chain  industrial revitalization  coarse grain strategy